10 August 2009

Don't Underestimate "Cholera"!

Cholera is an infection of the disease is acute intestinal channel caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, the bacteria enter into this body through food or drink that is contaminated. The bacteria are issued enterotoxin (the poison) on the channel so that there were bowel diarrhea (diarrhoea), along with the acute vomiting and severe, result in only a few days lost a lot of body fluids and on the condition of dehydration.

If dehydration is not treated immediately, it will continue towards hipovolemik and acidosis metabolic in a relatively short time and can cause death if it's not handled well. The provision of drinking water will not always help a lot, People (patients) need infuse cholera liquid sugar (Dextrose) and salt (Normal saline) or liquid form infuse in the mix of both (Dextrose Saline).

# Handling of Medicine and the disease cholera

People who have experienced disease cholera should be immediately handled, namely to provide a replacement of lost body fluids as a first step. Giving way fluid infuse / Drip is the most appropriate for people who lose a lot of fluids through diarrhea or vomiting. Next is a treatment for infections that occur, with the antibiotic / antimicrobial as Tetracyclines, Doxycycline or the Vibramicyn. This antibiotic treatment within 48 hours to stop the diarrhea that occurs.

On certain conditions, especially in a zone that fell ill of cholera outbreaks of the disease of food / liquid is done with the lapse of the road entering from the nose to stomach (sonde). Some 50% of cases of cholera including weight can not be fixed (dead), while a number of 1% of cholera patients get less handling was died.

# Prevention cholera

Prevention and how to decide strap of cholera disease is the principle of environmental sanitation, water and sanitation, especially sewage disposal (feaces) in place that meet environmental standards. Other is the water that has been cooked first, wash your hands clean with soap use before eating / antiseptic, washing vegetables with water, especially raw vegetables are eaten, avoid eating fish and shellfish are cooked rare.

When the family members who have cholera, must be isolated and should get treatment as soon as possible. Things that is contaminated vomitus or feces should be patient in the sterilization, fly (vector) and the other must be destroyed soon. The provision of cholera vaccination can protect people who direct contact with patients.


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